Selected Publications

Conservation Research

Jaafar, Z., and T. Loh. 2014. Linking land, air and sea: potential impacts of biomass burning and the resultant haze on marine ecosystems of Southeast Asia. Global Change Biology, doi: 10.1111/gcb.12539

Knapp, C. R., K. N. Hines, T. Zachariah, C. Perez-Heydrich, J. B. Iverson, S. D. Buckner, S. C. Halach, C. R. Lattin, and L. M. Romero. 2013. Physiological effects of tourism and associated food provisioning in an endangered iguana. Conservation Physiology 1: doi:10.1093/conphys/cot032.

Capen, T., A. Schirmer, and C. R. Knapp. 2013. Ultrasound evidence of fetal resorption in the yellow stingray, Urobatis jamaicensis (Urotrygonidae). Cybium37:314–316.

Tewfik, A. and B. Scheuer. 2013. Ecology of the King Helmet, Cassis tuberosa (L.), in South Caicos. Caribbean Naturalist 2: 1-10.

Wojick, K. B., L. M. Naples, and C. R. Knapp. 2013. Ocular health assessment, tear production, and intraocular pressure in the Andros Island iguana (Cyclura cychlura cychlura). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 44:116–123.

Hayes, W. K., J. B. John B. Iverson, C. R. Knapp, and R. L. Carter. 2012. Do invasive rodents impact endangered insular iguana populations? Biodiversity and Conservation 21:1893–1899.

Knapp, C. R., S. Alvarez-Clare, and C. Perez-Heydrich. 2010. The influence of landscape heterogeneity and dispersal on survival of neonate insular iguanas.Copeia 2010:62–70.  

Goodman, R. M., C. R. Knapp, K. A. Bradley, G. P. Gerber, and A. C. Alberts. 2009. Review of radio transmitter attachment methods for West Indian rock iguanas (genus Cyclura). Applied Herpetology 6:151–170.

Knapp, C. R., and A. K. Owens. 2008. Nesting behavior and the use of termitaria by the Andros Iguana (Cyclura cychlura cychlura). Journal of Herpetology42:46–53.

Knapp, C. R., J. B. Iverson, and A. K. Owens. 2006. Geographic variation in nesting behavior and reproductive biology of an insular iguana (Cyclura cychlura). Canadian Journal of Zoology84:1566–1575.

Knapp, C. R., andP. Gomez-Zlatar. 2006. Iguanidae or Iguaninae? A taxonomic summary and      literature-use analysis.Herpetological Review 37:29–34.

Knapp, C. R., and A. K. Owens. 2005. Home range and habitat associations of a Bahamian iguana: implications for conservation. Animal Conservation 8:269–278.

Durden, L. A., and C. R. Knapp. 2005.Ticks parasitizing reptiles in the Bahamas.Medical and      Veterinary Entomology 19:326–328.

Knapp, C. R., and A. K. Owens. 2005. An effective new radio transmitter attachment technique for lizards. Herpetological Review 36:264–266.

See more conservation research publications.

Learning

Nesbitt, K., Maldonado, L., & Mast, F. (2014). Small changes, big impact: Scalable renovations lead to improved visitor experiences. Exhibitionist, 33(1), 42-46.

Kubarek-Sandor, J. & Maldonado, L. (2012). “Novel tools and methods for evaluation in zoos and aquariums.” Association of Zoos & Aquariums, Education Committee Newsletter, 6(3).

Meyer, D., Kubarek-Sandor, J., Kedvesh, J., Heitzman, C., Pan, Y., & Faik, S. (2012). “Eight ways to do inquiry.” The Science Teacher, September 2012.

Meyer, D. Z., Kedvesh, M. J., Kubarek-Sandor, J., Heitzman, M. C. L., Faik, M. S. A., & Pan, M. Y. (2012). Creating science and engineering practices in the K12 classroom: an initial survey of the field. American Society for Engineering Education.

Kubarek-Sandor, J., & Beaumont, L. (2011).“Shedd Navigators:  A Model for Professional Development.”  ASTC Dimensions, May/June 2011, pp. 14-17

Animal Health and Care

Freeman, Kate S., Sara M. Thomasy, Scott D. Stanley, William Van Bonn, Frances Gulland, Ari S. Friedlaender, and David J. Maggs. "Population pharmacokinetics of doxycycline in the tears and plasma of northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris) following oral drug administration." Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 243, no. 8 (2013): 1170-1178. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24094266

Knapp, C. R., K. N. Hines, T. Zachariah, C. Perez-Heydrich, J. B. Iverson, S. D. Buckner, S. C. Halach, C. R. Lattin and L. M. Romero. “Physiological effects of tourism and associated food provisioning in an endangered iguana.” Conservation Physiology 1 (2013): 1-12. http://conphys.oxfordjournals.org/content/1/1/cot032.full

Meegan, Jenny, Wendy T. Collard, G. Scott Grover, Nicola Pussini, William G. Van Bonn, and Frances MD Gulland. "Pharmacokinetics of ceftiofur crystalline-free acid (EXCEDE sterile suspension) administered via intramuscular injection in wild California sea lions (Zalophus californianus).” Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 44, no. 3 (2013): 714-720. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24063100

Van Bonn, William, Sophie Dennison, Peter Cook, and Andreas Fahlman. "Gas bubble disease in the brain of a living California sea lion (Zalophus californianus)." Frontiers in physiology 4 (2013): 5. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23372553

Wojick, K. B., L. M. Naples andC. R. Knapp. “Ocular health assessment, tear production, and intraocular pressure in the Andros Island iguana (Cyclura cychlura cychlura).” Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 44 (2013): 116-123. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23505711

Bowen, Lizabeth, A. Keith Miles, Michael Murray, Martin Haulena, Judy Tuttle, William Van Bonn, Lance Adams et al. "Gene transcription in sea otters (Enhydra lutris); development of a diagnostic tool for sea otter and ecosystem health." Molecular ecology resources 12, no. 1 (2012): 67-74. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21848762

Carlson-Bremer, Daphne P., Frances MD Gulland, Christine K. Johnson, Kathleen M. Colegrove, and William G. Van Bonn. "Diagnosis and treatment of Sarcocystis neurona–induced myositis in a free-ranging California sea lion." Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 240, no. 3 (2012): 324-328. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22256850

Cavin, J. M., S. L. Donahoe, S. Frasca, C. J. Innis, M. J. Kinsel, T. Kurobe, L. M. Naples, A. Nyaoke, C.P.  Poll and E. S. Weber. Myxobolus albi infection in cartilage of captive lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus). Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 24 no. 3 (2012): 516-524. http://vdi.sagepub.com/content/24/3/516.full  

Hooker, Sascha K., Andreas Fahlman, Michael J. Moore, N. Aguilar de Soto, Y. Bernaldo de Quirós, A. O. Brubakk, Daniel P. Costa, W. Van Bonn et al. "Deadly diving? Physiological and behavioural management of decompression stress in diving mammals." Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 279, no. 1731 (2012): 1041-1050. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22189402

Meegan, Jenny, J. Lawrence Dunn, Stephanie K. Venn-Watson, Cynthia R. Smith, Inga Sidor, Eric D. Jensen, William G. Van Bonn et al. "Serologic response in bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncatus infected with Brucella sp. using a dolphin-specific indirect ELISA." Diseases of aquatic organisms 102, no. 1 (2012): 73-85. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23209080

Naples, L. M., N. D. Mylniczenko, T. T. Zachariah, R. E. Wilborn and F. A. Young. “Evaluation of critical care blood analytes assessed with a point-of-care portable blood analyzer in wild and aquarium-housed elasmobranchs and the influence of phlebotomy site on results.” Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 241no. 1 (2012): 117-125. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22720996

Naples, L. M., C. P. Poll and I.K. Berzins. “Successful treatment of a severe case of Fusariomycosis in a beluga whale (Delphinapterus leuca leucas).” Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 43no. 3 (2012): 596- 602. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23082525

Stringer, Elizabeth M., William Van Bonn, Sathya K. Chinnadurai, and Frances M. D. Gulland. "Risk factors associated with perianesthetic mortality of stranded free-ranging California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) undergoing rehabilitation." Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 43, no. 2 (2012): 233-239. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22779225

Dennison, Sophie E., William Van Bonn, Marjorie Boor, James Adams, Nicola Pussini, Terry Spraker, and Frances MD Gulland. "Antemortem diagnosis of a ventricular septal defect in a California sea lion Zalophus californianus." Diseases of aquatic organisms 94, no. 1 (2011): 83-88. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21553571

Fravel, V., W. Van Bonn, C. Rios, and F. Gulland. "Meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a harbour seal (Phoca vitulina)." Veterinary Record 169 (2011): 155. http://veterinaryrecord.bmj.com/content/169/6/155.2.extract

Keogh, M. J., T. Spoon, S. H. Ridgway, E. Jensen, W. Van Bonn, and T. A. Romano. "Simultaneous measurement of phagocytosis and respiratory burst of leukocytes in whole blood from bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) utilizing flow cytometry." Veterinary immunology and immunopathology 144, no. 3 (2011): 468-475. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21930305

Van Bonn, W., E. Montie, S. Dennison, N. Pussini, P. Cook, D. Greig, J. Barakos, K. Colegrove, and F. Gulland. "Evidence of injury caused by gas bubbles in a live marine mammal: barotrauma in a California sea lion Zalophus californianus." Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 96 (2011): 89-96. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22013748

Naples, L. M., C. Lacasse,  J. A. Landolfi, J. N. Langan,  J. M. Steiner, J. S. Suchodolski and K.C. Gamble. “Acute Pancreatitis in Slender-Tailed Meerkats (Suricata suricatta).” Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 41no. 2 (2010): 275-286. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20597219

Naples, L. M., J. N. Langan, and K. S.  Kearns. “Comparison of the Anesthetic Effects of Oral Transmucosal Versus Injectable Medetomidine in Combination with Tiletamine-Zolazepam for Immobilization of Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes).” Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 41no. 1 (2010): 50-62. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20722254

Poll, C.P. “Wound management in amphibians: etiology and treatment of cutaneous lesions.” Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine 18 no. 1 (2009): 20-25. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1557506308001948

Robeck, T. R., K. J. Steinman, Martin Greenwell, Ken Ramirez, William Van Bonn, Motoi Yoshioka, Etsuko Katsumata, Leslie Dalton, Steve Osborn, and J. K. O'Brien. "Seasonality, estrous cycle characterization, estrus synchronization, semen cryopreservation, and artificial insemination in the Pacific white-sided dolphin (Lagenorhynchus obliquidens)." Reproduction 138, no. 2 (2009): 391-405. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19494046

Blankenship, B., C. Dold, E. Jensen, C. Smith, W. Van Bonn, and S. Ridgway. "Neuronal migration defect: A case of subcortical heterotopia in a California sea lion." Veterinary Pathology 45, no. 3 (2008): 412-416. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18487504

Davis, Michelle R., Jennifer N. Langan, Yvette J. Johnson, Branson W. Ritchie, and William Van Bonn. "West Nile virus seroconversion in penguins after vaccination with a killed virus vaccine or a DNA vaccine." Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 39, no. 4 (2008): 582-589. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19110700

Nollens, Hendrik H., James FX Wellehan, Jeremiah T. Saliki, Shannon L. Caseltine, Eric D. Jensen, William Van Bonn, and Stephanie Venn-Watson. "Characterization of a parainfluenza virus isolated from a bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus)." Veterinary microbiology 128, no. 3 (2008): 231-242. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18031960

Rose, A., J. Thomas and A. LaPointe. “Effects of varying levels of noise and vibration on behavioral and physiological stress responses in two species of freshwater aquarium fish: Fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) and bluegill sunfish (Lepomis macrochirus).” The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 124 (2008): 2435. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/23638331_Effects_of_varying_levels_of_noise_and_vibration_on_behavioral_and_physiological_stress_responses_in_two_species_of_freshwater_aquarium_fish_Fathead_minnows_(Pimephales_promelas)_and_bluegill_sunfish_(Lepomis_macrochirus)

Vaughan, Kerrie, Jason Del Crew, Gary Hermanson, Mary K. Wloch, Robert H. Riffenburgh, Cynthia R. Smith, and William G. Van Bonn. "A DNA vaccine against dolphin morbillivirus is immunogenic in bottlenose dolphins." Veterinary immunology and immunopathology 120, no. 3 (2007): 260-266. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17706293

Ridgway, Sam, Dorian Houser, James Finneran, Don Carder, Mandy Keogh, William Van Bonn, Cynthia Smith et al. "Functional imaging of dolphin brain metabolism and blood flow." Journal of experimental biology 209, no. 15 (2006): 2902-2910. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16857874

Bowen, Lizabeth, Brian M. Aldridge, Frances Gulland, William Van Bonn, Robert DeLong, Sharon Melin, Linda J. Lowenstine, Jeffrey L. Stott, and Michael L. Johnson. "Class II multiformity generated by variable MHC-DRB region configurations in the California sea lion (Zalophus californianus)." Immunogenetics 56, no. 1 (2004): 12-27. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14997355

Houser, Dorian S., James Finneran, Don Carder, William Van Bonn, Cynthia Smith, Carl Hoh, Robert Mattrey, and Sam Ridgway. "Structural and functional imaging of bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) cranial anatomy." Journal of Experimental Biology 207, no. 21 (2004): 3657-3665. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15371474

Dubey, J. P., R. Zarnke, N. J. Thomas, S. K. Wong, W. Van Bonn, M. Briggs, J. W. Davis et al. "Toxoplasma gondii, Neospora caninum, Sarcocystis neurona, and Sarcocystis canis-like infections in marine mammals." Veterinary parasitology 116, no. 4 (2003): 275-296. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14580799

Bowen, Lizabeth, Brian M. Aldridge, Frances Gulland, Jennifer Woo, William Van Bonn, Robert DeLong, Jeffrey L. Stott, and Michael L. Johnson. "Molecular characterization of expressed DQA and DQB genes in the California sea lion (Zalophus californianus)." Immunogenetics 54, no. 5 (2002): 332-347. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12185537

Miller, W. George, Arvind A. Padhye, William van Bonn, Eric Jensen, Mary E. Brandt, and Sam H. Ridgway. "Cryptococcosis in a bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) caused by Cryptococcus neoformans var. gattii." Journal of clinical microbiology 40, no. 2 (2002): 721-724. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11826007

Brownell Jr, Robert L., Barbara E. Curry, William Van Bonn, and Sam H. Ridgway. "Conservation conundrum." Science 288, no. 5475 (2000): 2319-2320. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10917829

Van Bonn, William, Eric D. Jensen, Carol House, James A. House, Thomas Burrage, and Douglas A. Gregg. "Epizootic vesicular disease in captive California sea lions." Journal of wildlife diseases 36, no. 3 (2000): 500-507. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10941736

Morgan, Lee W., William Van Bonn, Eric D. Jensen, and Sam H. Ridgway. "Effects of in vitro hemolysis on serum biochemistry values of the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus)." Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 30, no.1 (1999): 70-75. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10367646

Jensen, Eric D., Tom Lipscomb, Bill Van Bonn, George Miller, Jonathan M. Fradkin, and Sam H. Ridgway. "Disseminated histoplasmosis in an Atlantic bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus)." Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 29, no. 4 (1998): 456-460. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10065856

Van Bonn, W.G. “Captive Cetaceans.” Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 206, no. 2 (1995): 155-156. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7751211

Marine Mammals

Ramirez, K.  “Husbandry Training.” In Zookeeping: An Introduction of the Science and Technology, edited by Mark D. Irwin, John B. Stoner and Aaron M. Cobaugh, 424-434. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013.

Brodie, P., K. Ramirez, and M. Haulena. (2013). “Growth and maturity of belugas (Delphinapterus leucas) in Cumberland Sound, Canada, and in captivity: evidence for two growth layer groups (GLGs) per year in teeth.” Journal of Cetacean Research and Management 13 no. 1 (2013): 1-18. http://iwc.int/jcrm

Noren, S. R., T.M. Williams, K. Ramirez, J. Boehm, M. Glenn, and L. Cornell. (2012). “Changes in partial pressures of respiratory gases during submerged voluntary breath hold across odontocetes: is body mass important?” Journal of Comparative Physiology B 182 no. 2 (2012): 299-309. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21935721

Ramirez, K. “Training When You're Not Training." In Art and Science of Animal Training. University of North Texas. ORCA 5 (2013). No link available. 

Ramirez, K. “Marine mammal training: the history of training animals for medical behaviors and keys to their success.” The veterinary clinics of North America. Exotic animal practice 15 no. 3 (2012): 413. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22998959

Ramirez, K.  "Conservation Connection - Training to Save Wildlife." In Art and Science of Animal Training. University of North Texas. ORCA 3 (2011). No link available. 

Ramirez, K. “Wanted: Animal Training Consultant! Those Good with Animals need Not Apply!” In Art and Science of Animal Training. University of North Texas. ORCA 2 (201). No link available. Ramirez, K. “Training 101: Creating a Shaping Plan to Help Shelter Dogs.” In 2010 Proceedings of the 10thAnnual Conference of the Animal Behavior Management Alliance, Pittsburg, PA. AZA (2010). *Winner 2010 ABMA Impact Award. No link available. 

Ramirez, K. “Evolution of the Zoo Trainer: A Personal Perspective.” In Art and Science of Animal Training. University of North Texas. ORCA 1 (2009). No link available. 

Ramirez, K. “Keep Going Signals: Semantics, Myth, and Practice.” Canis 12 no. 2 (2009). No link available. 

Robeck, T. R., K.J.  Steinman, M. Greenwell, K. Ramirez, W. Van Bonn, M. Yoshioka, E. Katsumata, L. Dalton, S. Osborn, and J.K. O'Brien. “Seasonality, estrous cycle characterization, estrus synchronization, semen cryopreservation, and artificial insemination in the Pacific white-sided dolphin (Lagenorhynchus obliquidens).” Reproduction 138 no. 2 (2009): 391-405. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19494046

Fishes

Capen, T., A. Schirmer and C. R. Knapp. “Ultrasound evidence of fetal resorption in the yellow stingray, Urobatis jamaicensis (Urotrygonidae).” Cybium 37 (2013): 314–316. http://sfi.mnhn.fr/cybium/numeros/2013/374/21-Lesniak796NAbs.pdf   or http://sfi.mnhn.fr/cybium/numeros/2013/374/sommaire374.html  

Christopher, L. and H. Thomas. “Notes on captive propagation and rearing of zebra sharks, Stegostoma fasciatum at John G. Shedd Aquarium.” Drum and Croaker 40(2009): 3-8. http://www.columbuszoo.org/drumcroaker/pdf/2009.pdf#page=4

Schick, M. “Ex Situ Culture of Caribbean and Pacific Coral Larvae Comparing Various Flow-Through Chambers.” In Proceedings of the Smithsonian Marine Science Symposium, edited by Michael A. Lang, Ian G. Macintyre and Klaus Rutzler, 259. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press (2009). http://www.si.edu/marinescience/pdf/SCMS_Hagedornetal.pdf

Herrington, S. J., K. N. Hettiger, E. J. Heist and D. B. Keeney. “Hybridization between longnose and alligator gars in captivity, with comments on possible gar hybridization in nature.” Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 137 no. 1 (2008): 158-164. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1577/T07-044.1#.UxDCZ-NdV8E

Peterson, D., Carl, M., E. Borneman, M. Brittsan, M. Hagedorn, M. Laterveer and M. Schick. “Noah’s ark for the threatened Elkhorn coral Acropora palmata.Coral Reefs 27 no. 3 (2008): 715. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00338-008-0385-4