With only 17 Pacific white-sided dolphins in North American accredited facilities, the animals in Shedd’s care provide a rare window into the biology and behavior of this little-studied species. For more than two decades, Shedd has partnered on research efforts with universities, government agencies and other members of the North American cooperative breeding program for Pacific white sided dolphins.
Studying Pacific white-sided dolphins in human care increases understanding of their biology, behavior, and sensitivity to environmental changes—all of which allow us to inform protection management strategies for those in the wild, and to provide better care for the animals at Shedd
Shedd’s animal care experts and veterinarians have gathered detailed data that focuses on reproductive studies and life cycles. This data provides insights into Pacific white-sided dolphins’ social structure, behavior, reproduction, biology, and vulnerability to environmental change. The collective histories of a population's genetic and demographic identity–known as studbooks–are invaluable tools that track and manage each individual cared for in AZA-accredited zoos and aquariums and partner facilities. Shedd Aquarium’s senior director of marine mammals, Lisa Takaki, manages the world’s information as the studbook keeper for Pacific white-sided dolphins.
Some of Shedd’s most notable work includes:
Hearing and bioacoustics research
This study looks at Pacific white-sided dolphin hearing thresholds, responses to sounds, and vulnerability to underwater noise. Until the involvement of Shedd and other accredited zoos and aquariums, similar research was largely limited to data from bottlenose dolphins and killer whales. Through this research, Shedd
- provided insight into how underwater sounds can affect Lagenorhynchus species living near study sites.
- was involved with first-of-its-kind studies on echolocation in Pacific white-sided dolphins.
- partnered with academic researchers to study how the species responded to different sound frequencies. This was based on concerns that human-generated noise in the world’s oceans could harm cetaceans.
Studies of reproductive physiology
This research contributes to best management practices for the Pacific white-sided dolphins in accredited zoos and aquariums and in the wild. Pacific white-sided dolphins are relatively abundant in the wild, but little is known about their about their reproductive biology. This makes it hard to predict the resiliency of the species regarding disturbances in their native habitat. Through these studies, Shedd
- helped advance knowledge of Pacific white-sided dolphin reproduction cycles, including a better understanding of ovulation and gestation length in mature animals.
- shared vital information with the international community of marine mammal experts. Every pregnancy at Shedd improves best practices for care of cetaceans in aquariums and in the wild. Much of the information about reproductive behavior (such as mother-calf interactions) and veterinary exam findings (such as blood values) would be difficult, if not impossible, to collect from wild animals.