Ross Cunning, Ph.D.
Ross Cunning is a coral biologist and ecologist researching ways to boost coral reef resilience under climate change.
Ph.D., Marine Biology and Ecology, University of Miami, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science
B.Sc., Biology and Environmental Science, Duke University
“Shedd’s unique resources – such as the R/V Coral Reef II, and our on-site molecular ecology lab – allow us to conduct cutting-edge research to help conserve coral reefs. At the same time, we can bring our audience on board to help solve corals’ (and our own) biggest challenge – climate change.”
Ross Cunning, Ph.D., is a coral research biologist in Shedd’s Daniel P. Haerther Center for Conservation and Research. His research focuses on coral reefs in the Bahamas to understand how to sustain reef ecosystems in the face of a changing climate.
Cunning’s cutting-edge research has made him an expert in the relationship between corals and their symbiotic algae, which provide corals with food and give them their color. The breakdown of this vital relationship, known as coral bleaching, occurs when ocean waters are too warm. Coral bleaching is one of the leading causes of reef decline around the world.
Between his fieldwork in the Bahamas and his molecular work in the aquarium’s Microbiome Lab, Cunning’s objective is to identify genetic and ecological factors that promote tolerance to increasing temperatures in corals and their symbiotic algae. His findings will help reveal how some corals may be able to resist or adapt to climate change and will be applied to improving coral reef restoration techniques.
Before coming to Shedd, Cunning was a postdoctoral research scientist at the University of Miami working on approaches to boost coral thermal tolerance. Prior to that, he was a National Science Foundation Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, where he developed theory and mathematical models of coral bleaching.
Cunning’s scientific works have received awards from the International Society for Reef Studies and the University of Miami, where he conducted his graduate research.
Cunning earned a Ph.D. in marine biology and ecology from the University of Miami’s Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science. He has a Bachelor of Science degree in biology and environmental science from Duke University.
Identifying Climate-resilient Corals for the Future of Reefs
Reef corals build homes for millions of species of marine life, they support healthy ocean food webs, and they protect our coastlines. Yet coral...
Shedd’s Floating Field Station
Shedd’s research vessel, the R/V Coral Reef II, is indispensable to our conservation research and education programs.
Aquarium Microbiome Project
By studying relationships between the countless unseen organisms in our environments and the animals in our care, Shedd’s Microbiome Project is ...
Grottoli A. G., Warner M. E., Vega Thurber R., Toonen R., van Woesik R., McLachlan R., Price J., Bahr K., Baums I. B., Castillo K., Coffroth M. A., Cunning R., et al. (2020) Increasing comparability among coral bleaching experiments. Ecological Applications 00:e02262. http://doi.org/10.1002/eap.2262
Matthews J. L., Cunning R., Ritson-Williams R., Oakley C. A., Lutz A., Roessner U., Grossman A. R., Weis V. M., Gates R. D., & Davy S. K. (2020) Metabolite pools of the reef building coral Montipora capitata are unaffected by Symbiodiniaceae community composition. Coral Reefs, 39, 1727–1737. http://doi.org/10.1007/s00338-020-01999-3
Cunning, R. (2021) Will coral reefs survive by adaptive bleaching? Emerging Topics in Life Sciences, ETLS20210227. https://doi.org/10.1042/ETLS20210227
Cunning, R., Parker, K.E., Johnson-Sapp, K., Karp, R.F., Wen, A.D., et al. (2021). Census of heat tolerance among Florida’s threatened staghorn corals finds resilient individuals throughout existing nursery populations. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 288, 20211613. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2021.1613
Rodriguez-Casariego, J.A., Cunning, R., Baker, A.C., & Eirin-Lopez, J.M. (2021). Symbiont shuffling induces differential DNA methylation responses to thermal stress in the coral Montastraea cavernosa. Molecular Ecology, 31, 588-602. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.16246
Cunning, R., Bay, R.A., Gillette, P., Baker, A.C., & Traylor-Knowles, N. (2018). Comparative analysis of the Pocillopora damicornis genome highlights role of immune system in coral evolution. Scientific Reports, 8(16134), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-34459-8